Things to know about an AI safety summit in Seoul

South Korea is set to host a mini-summit this week on risks and regulation of artificial intelligence, following up on an inaugural AI safety meeting in Britain last year that drew a diverse crowd of tech luminaries, researchers and officials.

The gathering in Seoul aims to build on work started at the U.K. meeting on reining in threats posed by cutting edge artificial intelligence systems.

Here is what you need to know about the AI Seoul Summit and AI safety issues.

HOW ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IS RESHAPING MODERN WARFARE

WHAT INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS HAVE BEEN MADE ON AI SAFETY?

The Seoul summit is one of many global efforts to create guardrails for the rapidly advancing technology that promises to transform many aspects of society, but has also raised concerns about new risks for both everyday life such as algorithmic bias that skews search results and potential existential threats to humanity.

At November’s U.K. summit, held at a former secret wartime codebreaking base in Bletchley north of London, researchers, government leaders, tech executives and members of civil society groups, many with opposing views on AI, huddled in closed-door talks. Tesla CEO Elon Musk and OpenAI CEO Sam Altman mingled with politicians like British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak.

Britain’s Prime Minister Rishi Sunk, center, speaks during a plenary session at the AI Safety Summit at Bletchley Park in Milton Keynes, England, on Nov. 2, 2023. South Korea is set to host a mini-summit this week on risks and regulation of artificial intelligence, following up on an inaugural AI safety meeting in Britain in 2023 that drew a diverse crowd of tech luminaries, researchers and officials.  (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)

Delegates from more than two dozen countries including the U.S. and China signed the Bletchley Declaration, agreeing to work together to contain the potentially “catastrophic” risks posed by galloping advances in artificial intelligence.

In March, the U.N. General Assembly approved its first resolution on artificial intelligence, lending support to an international effort to ensure the powerful new technology benefits all nations, respects human rights and is “safe, secure and trustworthy.”

Earlier this month, the U.S. and China held their first high-level talks on artificial intelligence in Geneva to discuss how to address the risks of the fast-evolving technology and set shared standards to manage it. There, U.S. officials raised concerns about China’s “misuse of AI” while Chinese representatives rebuked the U.S. over “restrictions and pressure” on artificial intelligence, according to their governments.

WHAT WILL BE DISCUSSED AT THE SEOUL SUMMIT?

The May 21-22 meeting is co-hosted by the South Korean and U.K. governments.

On day one, Tuesday, South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol and Sunak will meet leaders virtually. Leading AI companies are expected to provide updates on how they’ve been fulfilling commitments made at the Bletchley summit to ensure the safety of their AI models.

On day two, digital ministers will gather for an in-person meeting hosted by South Korean Science Minister Lee Jong-ho and Britain’s Technology Secretary Michelle Donelan. The topics underscore how the focus has broadened beyond the extreme risks that were the focus of the Bletchley summit. Participants will share best practices and concrete action plans. They also will share ideas on how to protect society from potentially negative impacts of AI on areas such as energy use, workers and the proliferation of mis- and disinformation, according to the organizers.

The meeting has been dubbed a mini virtual summit, serving as an interim meeting until a full-fledged in-person edition that France has pledged to hold.

The digital ministers’ meeting is to include representatives from countries like the United States, China, Germany, France and Spain and companies including ChatGPT-maker OpenAI, Google, Microsoft and Anthropic.

WHAT PROGRESS HAVE AI SAFETY EFFORTS MADE?

The accord reached at the U.K. meeting was light on details and didn’t propose a way to regulate the development of AI.

“The United States and China came to the last summit. But when we look at some principles announced after the meeting, they were similar to what had already been announced after some U.N. and OECD meetings,” said Lee Seong-yeob, a professor at the Graduate School of Management of Technology at Seoul’s Korea University. “There was nothing new.”

It’s important to hold a global summit on AI safety issues, he said, but it will be “considerably difficult” for all participants to reach agreements since each country has different interests and different levels of domestic AI technologies and industries.

As governments and global bodies consider how to regulate AI as it gets better at doing tasks performed by humans, developers of the most powerful AI systems are banding together to set their own shared approach to setting AI safety standards. Facebook parent company Meta Platforms and Amazon announced Monday they’re joining the Frontier Model Forum, a group founded last year by Anthropic, Google, Microsoft and OpenAI.

An expert panel’s interim report on the state of AI safety, released Friday to inform discussions in Seoul, identified a range of risks posed by general purpose AI, including its malicious use to increase the “scale and sophistication” of frauds and scams, supercharge the spread of disinformation, or create new bioweapons.

Malfunctioning AI systems could spread bias in areas like healthcare, job recruitment and financial lending, while the technology’s potential to automate a big range of tasks also poses systemic risks to the labor market, the report said.

South Korea hopes to use the Seoul summit to take the initiative in formulating global governance and norms for AI. But some critics say the country lacks AI infrastructure advanced enough to play a leadership role in such governance issues.

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